Economic services

The producers’ counselling needs are not only technical. They are also economic, legal, commercial, organizational and strategic. In Africa, agricultural producers, farmers, craftsmen, small entrepreneurs, traders generally do not have access to this kind of advice for the development of their activities or solving their financial and organizational problems. It was a custom that it is the Governments that provides these services through interventions mechanisms or extension through projects or programmes. The focus was on the production and resolution of technical problems through support for industries.

Today, with the disengagement of the Government, national popularization structures have considerably reduced. Producers’ organizations are forced to organize themselves so that their members have access to effective support services. They can count on their tremendous resilience. Indeed, with values ​​such as democracy, transparency, solidarity and equity, cooperatives are experiencing prosperity even in relatively tough times; these farmers ‘organizations fit into the economic circuit. They become economic services’ providers.

Through a series of documents, you will find few PAFO and its members opinions, proposals and its. This production and co-production on the thematic of economic services will be progressively updated:

Products and PAFO and its members

SACAU Annual Conference 2015: Managing Soils

May 25-26, 2015

In this background paper, the African Conservation Tillage Network (ACT) advocates an enabling environment, effective extension services in touch with and responsive to the needs of the farmers or land users.

Source: cfuzim.org

http://www.cfuzim.org/~cfuzimb/images/background.pdf

EAFF: Strategic Plan 2012 – 2020

March 2012

The EAFF board envisioned a new Strategic Plan that, “will see EAFF transform into an organization that focuses on service delivery to a larger extent compared with advocacy”.

Source: eaffu.org

http://eaffu.org/eaffu/sites/default/files/eastern_africa_farmers_federation_strategic_plan_2012_2020.pdf

ROPPA and SACAU participate in International Stakeholder Dialogue

May 04, 2011

The Belgian Development Agency stakeholder meeting on private sector in agriculture emphasised the role and capacity that farmers’ organisations to scale up their services to farmers.

Source: diplomatie.belgium.be

http://diplomatie.belgium.be/fr/binaries/presentation_piet_vanthemsche_tcm313-126203.pdf

SACAU Presentation on Programming                          

This presentation sets out SACAU’s market initiative, which has the objective of enabling national FO’s to provide services for increased access to inputs.

Source: csa-be.org

http://www.csa-be.org/IMG/pdf_SACAU_Presentation_Etheopia.pdf

1. Farmers organizations: PROPAC appreciates the support of the European Union

http://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/cameroon/press_corner/all_news/news/2013/20130916_1_fr.hm

2. Programme of Support to African Farmers’ Organizations (PCPT): Pilot Phase 2009-2012

http://www.ifad.org/farmer/2013/SFOAP_2009_f.pdf

3. Innovative rural experience: the production of certified groundnut seeds cooperatives in Senegal

http://www.fidafrique.net/IMG/pdf/Livret_ASPRODEB-V3.pdf

Other authors have also addressed the topic of economic services with some interesting challenges for African farmers’ organizations. We offer you this production that we invite you to enrich by your suggestions:

Products from other authors

Food Purchase Programme (PAA) in support of Food and nutrition security

October 27, 2015

Vincent Martin, FAO Representative, Senegal. Watch the video.

Source: brusselsbriefings.com

https://brusselsbriefings.files.wordpress.com/2015/10/151106_6-vincent-martin_en.pptx

Factors of competitiveness of women entrepreneurs and participation in trade

September 17, 2015

Christian Planchette, Senior Training Officer, Enterprise Competitiveness, International Trade Centre (ITC), United Nation. Watch the video.

Source: brusselsbriefings.com

https://brusselsbriefings.files.wordpress.com/2015/09/bb42-planchette-en.pdf 

Support from EIB to women entrepreneurs and to the agribusiness sector

September 17, 2015

Jacqueline Church, Policy Officer, European Investment Bank (EIB).

Source: brusselsbriefings.com

http://brusselsbriefings-videos.net/women-entrepreneurs-key-players-in-acp-agribusiness-development/439_jacqueline-church.html

How governments can use open data for the benefit of ACP countries
February 18, 2015

Stéphane Boyera, Founder and CEO of SBC4 . Here is the summary and video.

Source: brusselsbriefings.com

https://brusselsbriefings.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/bb40-boyera-en.pdf

Open  Data and Improved Land Governance: the case of Landportal.Info
February 18, 2015

Magdalena Anna Kropiwnicka, Food and Climate Consulting, Landportal.Info Watch the video.

Source: prezi.com

http://prezi.com/yxpf8839vf9a/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy

Successes from the African private sector in the development of agribusiness

November 25, 2014

Daniel Gad, Managing Director, Omega Farms & Ethiopian Horticulture Co-operative. Watch the video.

Source: brusselsbriefings.com

https://brusselsbriefings.files.wordpress.com/2014/11/bb39-gad-ppp-africa-presentation-en.pdf

COLEACP: Small-scale producers and SMEs

October 3, 2014

This newsletter outlines the EAFF business plan, whereby the EAFF intends to give its members to access to information and research  from private and public sector.

Source: coleacp.org

http://www.coleacp.org/uploads/publications/HORIZONS_Mag_3_210x297_EN_LR.pdf

Inter-réseaux: Farmers offer services to Farmers

September 2014

This edition of Inter-réseaux explains the demise of agricultural services and how farmers’ organisations’ have appropriated the provision of key services.

Source: inter-reseaux.org

http://www.inter-reseaux.org/IMG/pdf/Bulletin_de_synthese_No13_ENG.pdf

Contractual marketing experience: example of the tomato sector in Senegal

July 13-14, 2014
Ablaye Dieng, ROPPA presented on his experience of contractual marketing in the tomato sector at the second PAFO Continental Briefing.

Source: brusselsbriefings.com

https://brusselsbriefings.files.wordpress.com/2014/08/cncr-contractual-marketing-experience-case-study-of-the-tomato-in-senegal.pdf

Linking farmers to agribusiness for job creation and entrepreneurship development

April  04, 2014
Theo de Jager, President, Southern African Confederation of Agricultural Unions.

Source: brusselsbriefings.com

http://brusselsbriefings-videos.net/realising-the-promise-of-agriculture-for-africa-s-transformation/245_theo-de-jager.html

Agribusiness advisory services: new context in Africa

March 05, 2014

Saleh Usman Gashua, Secretary General, Afraca. Here is the video and summary.

Source: brusselsbriefings.com

http://brusselsbriefings.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/saleh-gashua-afraca-br-35-pp-presentation.pdf

IFAD: 5th Global meeting on FOs

February 17-18, 2014

This publication explains the purpose of these partnerships is balanced between supporting the provision of economic services and FOs’ institutional capacity building.

Source: ifad.org

http://www.ifad.org/farmer/2014/pip_1.pdf

Changes the limited access of African Smallholders to market

2014

This publication gives a successful case study of an inter-village Groundnut Farmers’ Group that provides services such as lending money, providing seeds, purchasing fertilizers, helping with transport and more.

Source: glopolis.org

http://www.google.be/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=59&ved=0ahUKEwjMl52mz9HJAhXGWhQKHcTpAAU4MhAWCF0wCA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fglopolis.org%2Fsoubory%2F5596%2FBriefing-paper-Limited-access-to-markets.pdf&usg=AFQjCNHrnfnlJBl1qP1sK2PnHURGQQJ_MQ&sig2=A7qvn74EBVtRsv2IHVAjTQ&cad=rja

IFAD: Build Commercially Viable Smallholder Farms

2014

President of IFAD highlighted the importance of quality inputs and financial services to increase productivity.

Source: kilimotrust.org

http://www.kilimotrust.org/newsitem.pdf

CTA highlights innovations for service delivery

2014

In 2013, CTA launched a call for proposal for innovations to increase agricultural productivity. One of the key areas identified was institutional innovations aimed at providing farm advisory services.

Source: cta.int

http://www.cta.int/images/CTA.2014.English.web.pdf

ECDPM: Commercialisaton and the Enabling Environment

December 2013

In order to create and enabling environment for smallholder farmers, inputs affordable, good quality seeds and soil fertility management services, along with affordable credit are essential.

Source: ecdpm.org

http://ecdpm.org/wp-content/uploads/Great-Insights-Vol-3-Iss-1-Jan2013-Dec2014-Family-Farming-Food-Security.pdf

ESAFF: The case of smallholder participation

February 2012

This document highlights the priority areas for investment in Tanzania, which include extension, research, training and financial services.

Source: esaff.org

http://www.esaff.org/images/scooping_study_on_caadp_tanzania_feb_2012.pdf

IFAD and Farmers’ Organisations

2012

This document provides some examples of involvement of FOs in IFAD projects either as beneficiaries of capacity development, as implementing partners or as service providers.

Source: ifad.org

http://www.ifad.org/farmer/2012/progress_report.pdf

Action Fiche: Food Security Programme

2012

This fiche takes stock of the enormous need to mobilize agricultural extension services for food security and to achieve a range of rural development goals.

Source: ec.europa.eu

http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/documents/aap/2012/af_aap_2012_dci-food.pdf

Rural employment and decent work: challenges and opportunities

September 14, 2011

Loretta de Luca, Coordinator, Rural Employment and Decent Work Programme, ILO. Here is the executive summary and video.

Source: brusselsbriefings.com

http://brusselsbriefings.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/deluca_ppt-bb24.pptx

Creating employment for rural youth and rural women

September 14, 2011

Peter Wobst, Senior Economist, Gender, Equity and Rural Employment Division, FAO. Here is the executive summary and video.

Source: brusselsbriefings.com

http://brusselsbriefings.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/wobst-brussels_september-14-2011_wobst_6.ppt

 4. How to conduct the diagnosis prior to the establishment of a Global Services Centre?

http://www.iram-fr.org/documents/diagnostic_cps_2005.pdf

5. International Year of Cooperatives: Common values ​​to be implemented

http://www.sosfaim.org/pdf/publications/defis_sud/107/defis-sud-cooperatives-complet.pdf

6. Promoting farming entrepreneurship

7. FAO Brochure: Agricultural Cooperatives contribute to food security and rural development

http://www.inter-reseaux.org/spip.php?page=imprimir_articulo&id_article=7906

8. Small Capitalization on «FO Economic Services» in Madagascar

9. Special Watch Bulletin « Farmers’ Organizations» n°2

http://www.inter-reseaux.org/spip.php?page=imprimir_articulo&id_article=5258

To go further on the theme of economic services, we suggest other more general documents with didactic, educational, analytical and general scope on the subject of economic services:

General products of the thematic

Organisational intelligence in collective action

2015

This brief discuss the differences in farmers’ organisations and the agricultural support services that impact self-reliance and group governance.

Source: farmaf.org

http://www.farmaf.org/images/documents/Operational_materials/policy_brief/FARMAF_Policy_Brief_Collective_actio_2015.pdf

Rural Youth and Agriculture in Sudan

November 23, 2014

The study proposed some recommendations to encouraging rural youth to work in agricultural sector. Some incentives include subsidies on agricultural inputs, banking facilities and extension services amongat others.

Source: sciencepub.net

http://www.sciencepub.net/rural/rural0604/011_27520rural060414_70_74.pdf

Agricultural sector: Skills Plan 2011-2016

September 2014

This plan makes the link between the success of the land reform and improving the skills base of emergent farmers and facilitating access to a range of services such as marketing and extension services.

Source: agriseta.co.za

http://www.agriseta.co.za/downloads/ssp/Final_Agriseta_SSP.pdf

Transforming farmer support services

September 2014

This publication shows how transforming farmer support services in the areas of research and extension, finance and insurance, and more, can be used for climate-smart agriculture.

Source: cgspace.cgiar.org

https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/42433/Farmers%27%20Perspectives%20for%20web.pdf

Report: Status of agricultural extension and rural advisory

2014

This Global Forum for Rural Advisory Services summary report shows the status of agricultural extension and rural advisory services worldwide.

Source: g-fras.org

http://www.google.be/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=81&ved=0ahUKEwiZ05SswsfJAhUFtBoKHTYfCtY4UBAWCB0wAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.g-fras.org%2Ffr%2Fsavoirfr%2Fgfras-publications.html%3Fdownload%3D391%3Astatus-of-agricultural-extension-and-rural-advisory-services-worldwide&usg=AFQjCNHttEW0xaZtlx94j8XxYjfOhGVQkw&sig2=XNkFLgOF6sNWWiJm0owJaw&bvm=bv.108538919,d.d2s&cad=rja

Handbook: How to end hunger now!

2014

This handbook underlines the benefit of all 
community and extension services, in order to increase technical proficiency in communities.

Source: womenalliance.org

http://womenalliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/mio_bettina-2-1.pdf

The Africa Climate-Smart Agriculture Alliance

2014

This initiative intends to expand gender-sensitive extension and advisory services both in terms of reach and quality of information-knowledge.

Source: un.org

http://www.un.org/climatechange/summit/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2014/09/AGRICULTURE-annex.pdf

EAFF: Towards Economic Sovereignty

August 5-7, 2013

This strategic plan focuses on capacity building through provision of economic services and organization of small-scale farmers to facilitate better service provision and enable them improved farming and access to markets.

Source: capad.info

http://www.capad.info/IMG/pdf/Philip_Kiriro_EAFF.pdf

AGRIDAPE: Services for Smallholder Farmers

December 2013

This edition of AGRIDPAE highlights the IFAD programs and projects have created conditions that facilitate access to adapted services and equipment for family farmers, especially the most vulnerable (women, young people).

Source: agriculturesnetwork.org

http://www.google.be/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=19&ved=0ahUKEwjx7KGi0dHJAhXFzxQKHSNnDuI4ChAWCF4wCA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.agriculturesnetwork.org%2Flibrary%2F253933%2Fat_download%2Flibraryitem_file&usg=AFQjCNGq229qQkhHbRZQKNgRc6898sN-vw&sig2=zoNppLsbFLUvmptWwyS7Jw

Private and Public Sector: Delivering Services for Livestock

August 05, 2013

This workshop carried out a situational analysis on current roles of the public and private sectors in livestock services delivery in African countries.

Source: au-ibar.org

http://www.google.be/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=75&ved=0ahUKEwi8lKmh0NHJAhULbhQKHX28A2o4RhAWCDYwBA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.au-ibar.org%2Fcomponent%2Fjdownloads%2Ffinish%2F53-progress-reports%2F1184-the-roles-of-the-public-and-private-sectors-in-livestock-services-delivery&usg=AFQjCNFjGuveqbPKeeonQtimBEApGJkyMw&sig2=PuIIjuzvb2x8_RNeZZrVKg&cad=rja

Smallholders’ Agenda at Rio+20 July 2013

July 2013

This agenda highlights that strengthening smallholders and family farmers’ organizations requires a focus on enabling these groups to act as primary partners in decision-making and agricultural service delivery.

Source: fao.org

http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/nr/sustainability_pathways/docs/Coping_with_food_and_agriculture_challenge__Smallholder_s_agenda_Final.pdf

Women as Drivers of Economic Recovery in Africa

April 2013

This article states that women should receive particular support to access services as they are the drivers of economic recovery in the Agricultural sector.

Source: hdcentre.org

http://www.hdcentre.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Our_work/Mediation_support/Current%20activities/1%20Gender%20and%20Mediation/Gender%20main%20page/1%20Sous%20page%20-%20Women%20at%20the%20Peace%20Table%20Africa/Supporting_documents/Women-as-Drivers-of-Economic-Recovery-and-Development-English.pdf

Managing Agri Commercialisation for Inclusive Growth

June 2012

This document highlights that broad-based commercialisation will lead to greater linkages between farmers and service providers.

Source: gdn.int

http://www.gdn.int/admin/uploads/editor/files/SSA_1_ResearchPaper_Agricultural_Commercialization.pdf

Rural Women’s Economic Empowerment

2012

This programming document highlights that rural women and girls have restricted access to productive resources, such as land, agricultural inputs, finance and credit, extension services, and technology.

Source: empowermentwomen.org

http://www.google.be/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=104&ved=0ahUKEwjT8JvC0NHJAhXGaRQKHch8BmQ4ZBAWCDcwAw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.empowerwomen.org%2F~%2Fmedia%2Ffiles%2Fun-women%2Fknowledge-gateway%2Fcop%2Frwee%2Frwee%2520programme%2520documentgw.ashx&usg=AFQjCNHLaSliUT8wFAg_x5M_IEH0rqOykw&sig2=AGPRGDq_yXI2yWV4x_PoJA

Impact of Collective Marketing by Cocoa Farmers

November 23, 2011

This study looks at the impact of FOs and distinguishes three types, including those focused on economic services and defending the interests of their members.

Source: editorialexpress.com

https://editorialexpress.com/cgi-bin/conference/download.cgi?db_name=CSAE2012&paper_id=177

Smallholder-led Sustainable Agriculture

June 2011

This Action Aid Briefing outlines that agricultural extension services are fundamental in building farmers’ knowledge and capacity for better crop and resource management.

Source: actionaid.org

http://www.actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/policy_briefing-_smallholder-led_sustainable_agriculture.pdf

NUCAFE – Famers Ownership Model

April 20-22, 2011

The successful case of smallholder coffee producers in Uganda shows how FOs were able to benefit from service linkages.

Source: fsg.msu.edu

http://fsg.afre.msu.edu/aamp/Kigali%20Conference/Muwonge_coffee.pdf

UN Report: The Right to Food

December 17, 2010

This report by the UN Special Reporter on the right of food, Olivier De Schutter, underlines the importance of investing in knowledge through agricultural research, extension services and forms of social organisation that encourage partnerships.

Source: ohchr.org

http://www2.ohchr.org/english/issues/food/docs/A-HRC-16-49.pdf

CGIAR: Crop productivity and food security

November 2010

This publication focuses on rice-based production systems and shows how local delivery partnerships capitalize on expertise and networks for delivering products and services effectively and efficiently to farmers.

Source: grisp.net

http://www.grisp.net/file_cabinet/download/0x0000689c1?1312766027

Farmers Fighting Poverty: Strengthening FOs

September 2010

This publication notes that one of the most effective was of increasing agricultural output is to improve farming practices and build services to agriculture.

Source: agricord.org

https://www.agricord.org/assets/uploads/files/agricord/Farmers%20Fighting%20Poverty%20SEPTEMBER2010.pdf

Instruments to Increase Market Power of Farmers

June 2010

This case study shows the successful example of Muki Dairy, which through ownership and professional management provides a number of services.

Source: csa-be.org

http://www.csa-be.org/IMG/pdf_Case_Studies_from_East_Africa_-_Version_2.pdf

Agriculture for Development: Business as usual?

 2010

This article highlights how dysfunctional ministries of agriculture and weak public services for agriculture have discouraged donor investment in agriculture.

Source: are.berkely.edu

http://are.berkeley.edu/~esadoulet/papers/Entebbe.pdf

Value and Service Chains in the Horticultural Sector

April 21, 2009

This publication shows linkages between effective information and knowledge management and creating effective values and service chains.

Source: globalhort.org

http://www.globalhort.org/media/uploads/File/CORIPHA/PIF-%20CORIPHA_GLOBALHORT%20_21%2004%2009_%20%282%29.pdf

10. The new Uniform Act of OHADA on the Law of Cooperative: a high-risk transition

http://www.fondation-farm.org/zoe.php?s=blogfarm&w=wt&idt=1510

11. Cooperatives, a solution to include smallholders in value chains

12. Building entrepreneurial farming in Mali

13. Promoting farmer entrepreneurship

api.ning.com/files/…f9z/PrsentationAOPPAgrihubSikasso.pptx

14. Birthal, P. S., A. K. Jha, M. M. Tiongco, and C. Narrod. 2008. Improving farm-to-market linkages through contract farming. IFPRI Discussion Paper 814. Washington, D.C.International Food Policy Research Institute.

15. Claessens, S. 2005. Access to financial services: a review of the issues and public policy objectives. Policy Research Working Paper Series 3589. Washington, DC, World Bank.untries. Rome, Italy, 22–23 November, 2011.

16. Cohen, M. &Mamusha, L.  2011. Agricultural extension services and gender equality

An institutional analysis of four districts in Ethiopia.

http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/ files/publications/ifpridp01094.pdf

17. Cunningham, K. 2009. Rural and Urban Linkages. Operation Flood’s Role in India’s Dairy Development. IFPRI discussion paper

http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/ files/publications/ifpridp00924.pdf

18. Crego, A., Larson, D., Butzer, R. &Mundlak, Y. 1997. A new database on investment and capital for agriculture and manufacturing. Policy Research Working Paper No. 2013. Washington, DC, World Bank.

19. da Silva, C.A., Baker, D., Shepard, A.W., Jenane, C. & Miranda-da-Cruz, S. 2009. Agro-industries for development. Rome, FAO and UNIDO.

20. Daidone, S. &Anríquez, G. 2011. An extended cross-country database for agricultural investment and capital. ESA Working Paper No. 11–16. Rome, FAO.

21.Deshingkar, P. & Farrington, J. 2006. Rural Labour Markets and Migration in South Asia: Evidence from India and Bangladesh. Background Paper for the World Development Report 2008

http://siteresources. worldbank.org/INTWDR2008/ Resources/27950871191427986785/ Rural_Labour_Markets.pdf

22. Heintz, J.2009. Employment, Economic Development, and Poverty Reduction: Critical issues and policy challenges”, paper commissioned for UNRISD Flagship Report on Poverty Project on Poverty Reduction and Policy, June 2009, UNRISD, Geneva.

23. Hertz, T., Winters, P., de la O, A. P., Quiñones, E., Davis, B. and A. Zezza. 2009.Wage inequality in  international perspective: Effects of location, sector, and gender, Conference Paper – FAO-IFAD-ILO Workshop on “Gaps, trends and current research in gender dimensions of agricultural and rural employment:  Differentiated pathways out of poverty”, Rome.

24.Lowder, S. &Carisma, B. 2011. Financial resource flows to agriculture: a review of data on government spending, official development assistance and foreign direct investment. ESA Working Paper No. 11–18, Rome, FAO.

25.

Ravallion, M. 2001. Growth, Inequality and Poverty: Looking Beyond Averages. World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(11).

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VC6 … 298c7bca30ff32e3a2cf

World Bank. 2007 . More and better investment in agriculture, World Development Report 2008 Policy Brief. Washington, DC.

World Bank. World Bank Governance Indicators

http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/index.asp

World Bank. 2011d. Doing business database

http://www.doingbusiness.org/%20data

World Bank. 2012. World Development Indicators

http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators

Mellor,J. & Dorosh, P.2010. Agriculture and the Economic Transformation of Ethiopia. Development Strategy and Governance Division, IFPRI

http://www.ifpri.org/publication/agriculture-and-ethiopia-s-economic-transformation