For a hunger-free and well-fed Africa
The international economic environment is now characterized by a continuous decline in food production for export despite a marked improvement in quality. This downward trend is exacerbated by:
- the adoption by Europe and the United States of tropical countries’ agriculture with large-scale production that competes African products while benefiting from subsidies despite the agreements of the World Trade Organization (WTO);
- the increase in the debt of African States towards financial institutions and donor countries
- almost addicted to imported foods that are not produced or produced in low quantities in Africa
- the pressures on African natural resources , exacerbated by the depletion of these resources in the North or the sale of land to foreign multinationals if not to foreign countries
- the decline in rural labour due to the mass exodus of young people in search of El Dorado.
In such a situation, we must recognize that it is impossible for Africans to build a sustainable and competitive agriculture in the international market. Building therefore an agricultural development in Africa on possible exports and foreign markets is no guarantee that we can meet the challenges that are to feed the continent’s population and ensure their proper and sustainable livelihoods.
Modernity must give priority to African food sovereignty with regional agricultural policies based on family farming.
Therefore PAFO with all his vows appeals for a vision of the future that frees Africa from famine and malnutrition. They agreed on the prospect of a modern and sustainable agriculture that is able to meet the economic, social and ecological functions of wealth creation, preservation of family and national solidarity, and equitable and sustainable management of natural resources. This new type of agriculture must guarantee suitable and stable income and decent living conditions for family farmers and smallholders. It must produce a surplus for export and contribute significantly to national wealth creation; in addition, it should provide healthy food to national and sub-regional populations.
The vision to restore the dignity of African producers and citizens in the framework of development and the respect of the values and culture of Africa.
Peoples and nations food sovereignty is crucial, and it should not be subject to fluctuations of world markets and international institutions.
Integration to regional markets and adoption of coherent policies for production, infrastructure, communications and telecommunications, as well as the convergence of prices and taxes, will provide sustainable solutions to food shortages.